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universaldetector.py

######################## BEGIN LICENSE BLOCK ########################
# The Original Code is Mozilla Universal charset detector code.
#
# The Initial Developer of the Original Code is
# Netscape Communications Corporation.
# Portions created by the Initial Developer are Copyright (C) 2001
# the Initial Developer. All Rights Reserved.
#
# Contributor(s):
#   Mark Pilgrim - port to Python
#   Shy Shalom - original C code
#
# This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
# modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
# License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
# version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
# 
# This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
# Lesser General Public License for more details.
# 
# You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
# License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
# Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
# 02110-1301  USA
######################### END LICENSE BLOCK #########################

import constants, sys
from latin1prober import Latin1Prober # windows-1252
from mbcsgroupprober import MBCSGroupProber # multi-byte character sets
from sbcsgroupprober import SBCSGroupProber # single-byte character sets
from escprober import EscCharSetProber # ISO-2122, etc.
import re

MINIMUM_THRESHOLD = 0.20
ePureAscii = 0
eEscAscii = 1
eHighbyte = 2

class UniversalDetector:
    def __init__(self):
        self._highBitDetector = re.compile(r'[\x80-\xFF]')
        self._escDetector = re.compile(r'(\033|~{)')
        self._mEscCharSetProber = None
        self._mCharSetProbers = []
        self.reset()

    def reset(self):
        self.result = {'encoding': None, 'confidence': 0.0}
        self.done = constants.False
        self._mStart = constants.True
        self._mGotData = constants.False
        self._mInputState = ePureAscii
        self._mLastChar = ''
        if self._mEscCharSetProber:
            self._mEscCharSetProber.reset()
        for prober in self._mCharSetProbers:
            prober.reset()

    def feed(self, aBuf):
        if self.done: return

        aLen = len(aBuf)
        if not aLen: return
        
        if not self._mGotData:
            # If the data starts with BOM, we know it is UTF
            if aBuf[:3] == '\xEF\xBB\xBF':
                # EF BB BF  UTF-8 with BOM
                self.result = {'encoding': "UTF-8", 'confidence': 1.0}
            elif aBuf[:4] == '\xFF\xFE\x00\x00':
                # FF FE 00 00  UTF-32, little-endian BOM
                self.result = {'encoding': "UTF-32LE", 'confidence': 1.0}
            elif aBuf[:4] == '\x00\x00\xFE\xFF': 
                # 00 00 FE FF  UTF-32, big-endian BOM
                self.result = {'encoding': "UTF-32BE", 'confidence': 1.0}
            elif aBuf[:4] == '\xFE\xFF\x00\x00':
                # FE FF 00 00  UCS-4, unusual octet order BOM (3412)
                self.result = {'encoding': "X-ISO-10646-UCS-4-3412", 'confidence': 1.0}
            elif aBuf[:4] == '\x00\x00\xFF\xFE':
                # 00 00 FF FE  UCS-4, unusual octet order BOM (2143)
                self.result = {'encoding': "X-ISO-10646-UCS-4-2143", 'confidence': 1.0}
            elif aBuf[:4] == '\xFF\xFE':
                # FF FE  UTF-16, little endian BOM
                self.result = {'encoding': "UTF-16LE", 'confidence': 1.0}
            elif aBuf[:2] == '\xFE\xFF':
                # FE FF  UTF-16, big endian BOM
                self.result = {'encoding': "UTF-16BE", 'confidence': 1.0}

        self._mGotData = constants.True
        if self.result['encoding'] and (self.result['confidence'] > 0.0):
            self.done = constants.True
            return

        if self._mInputState == ePureAscii:
            if self._highBitDetector.search(aBuf):
                self._mInputState = eHighbyte
            elif (self._mInputState == ePureAscii) and self._escDetector.search(self._mLastChar + aBuf):
                self._mInputState = eEscAscii

        self._mLastChar = aBuf[-1]

        if self._mInputState == eEscAscii:
            if not self._mEscCharSetProber:
                self._mEscCharSetProber = EscCharSetProber()
            if self._mEscCharSetProber.feed(aBuf) == constants.eFoundIt:
                self.result = {'encoding': self._mEscCharSetProber.get_charset_name(),
                               'confidence': self._mEscCharSetProber.get_confidence()}
                self.done = constants.True
        elif self._mInputState == eHighbyte:
            if not self._mCharSetProbers:
                self._mCharSetProbers = [MBCSGroupProber(), SBCSGroupProber(), Latin1Prober()]
            for prober in self._mCharSetProbers:
                if prober.feed(aBuf) == constants.eFoundIt:
                    self.result = {'encoding': prober.get_charset_name(),
                                   'confidence': prober.get_confidence()}
                    self.done = constants.True
                    break

    def close(self):
        if self.done: return
        if not self._mGotData:
            if constants._debug:
                sys.stderr.write('no data received!\n')
            return
        self.done = constants.True
        
        if self._mInputState == ePureAscii:
            self.result = {'encoding': 'ascii', 'confidence': 1.0}
            return self.result

        if self._mInputState == eHighbyte:
            proberConfidence = None
            maxProberConfidence = 0.0
            maxProber = None
            for prober in self._mCharSetProbers:
                if not prober: continue
                proberConfidence = prober.get_confidence()
                if proberConfidence > maxProberConfidence:
                    maxProberConfidence = proberConfidence
                    maxProber = prober
            if maxProber and (maxProberConfidence > MINIMUM_THRESHOLD):
                self.result = {'encoding': maxProber.get_charset_name(),
                               'confidence': maxProber.get_confidence()}
                return self.result

        if constants._debug:
            sys.stderr.write('no probers hit minimum threshhold\n')
            for prober in self._mCharSetProbers[0].mProbers:
                if not prober: continue
                sys.stderr.write('%s confidence = %s\n' % \
                                 (prober.get_charset_name(), \
                                  prober.get_confidence()))

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